B.Y.O.B. (Build Your Own Backhoe)

With buckets on both ends, a backhoe loader became famous for specializing in the two essentials of construction — digging and loading. Since a backhoe loader packs a productive punch in one versatile machine, this multifaceted tool remains a popular choice for both landscape and construction contractors in North America. Since there are plenty of options on dealer lots and rental yards today — Caterpillar, Case, John Deere, Volvo, New Holland, Kubota, JCB, Terex and Terramite all offer models and options — we wanted to prepare our readership with a concise and handy guide to picking the perfect backhoe loader in a crowded market segment.

“[Backhoe loader owners] require many different types of tools to get their jobs done,” says Brian Hennings, product marketing manager of backhoes and tractor loaders for John Deere Construction & Forestry. “A backhoe loader can be used as a primary machine for smaller jobs such as fixing a water main break or a secondary machine supporting larger excavators on the jobsite or for use in water and sewer connections. They’re mobile and can move from one end of the jobsite to another quickly, have the ability to load trucks, use attachments on both the front and rear of the machine and still are small enough to work in tighter spaces that larger machines simply can’t access.”

The backhoe loader isn’t a new machine, but one that may be overlooked when compared to larger equipment. However, manufacturers are well aware of the promise these machines have and are constantly working to construct the very best backhoe loader — with standard and optional features for a customer’s buck.

“Backhoe loaders are ideal for utility construction applications because these machines enable operators to use one machine to complete the majority of tasks on any jobsite, from digging to reaching, lifting or loading — backhoe loaders are designed with the specific purpose of being adaptable,” says Joe Turnage, product specialist for Terex Construction Americas. “In fact, backhoe loaders can help increase productivity and reduce operational costs because they can handle deep digging, as well as heavy lifting tasks.”

So how popular are these machines? According to manufacturers, the backhoe loader market has fluctuated over the past few years.

“In 2014, 14,850 backhoes were sold in North America; 13,435 of those machines were sold in the United States,” says Rafael Nunez, product manager of backhoe loaders for JCB North America. “The market has grown by around 8 percent each of the past two years, but I think that 2015 will be flat or about 10 percent down. But, the first quarter of 2015 was strong for backhoe sales.”


Aside from dig depths and booms, other features customers must consider include horsepower, bucket breakout force, lifting capacities and transmission systems that are available among different brands.

Finding the Right Fit

Just like any machine, there are plenty of backhoe loader models to choose from so it’s important to know what to look for and what options are out there. The biggest consideration when selecting a backhoe is its dig depth, with 14 ft being the most popular.

“Backhoes are generally grouped together by standard dig depth — those standard dig depths are fluid when you consider extendahoe options and different boom configurations,” says Katie Pullen, brand marketing manager with Case Construction Equipment. “Fourteen-foot models continue to generate the greatest demand. Fifteen-foot models are grabbing market share where the added performance and hydraulic capabilities make a case for replacing mid-size excavators.”

Speaking of boom configurations, it’s important to research what manufacturers offer. Each company is unique in its product lines, so contractors must determine what will best fit their needs. For example, Terex offers a curved boom design that the company says offers great clearance and the ability to load trucks closer. JCB is beginning to tout its optional Euro-centric side-shifting boom, which allows operators to work in tight spaces. There are also optional features like an extendahoe which Pullen from Case mentions.

“The extendahoe option has obvious benefits: greater digging depths; the ability to lift and place items further away from the machine; and the ability to dig a trench with the machine positioned further away from the trench wall to help ensure the integrity of the trench. For contractors that work in utility applications, that ability to lift and place items in and out of trenches at a greater distance is important, so the extendahoe configuration experiences a high take rate among buyers.”

Aside from dig depths and booms, other features customers must consider include horsepower, bucket breakout force, lifting capacities and transmission systems that are available among different brands.

“Four-wheel drive is a valuable feature because it provides access to work areas that a two-wheel-drive machine would have great difficulty negotiating,” says Turnage. “It also improves loader performance by providing additional loading effort going into the pile. The market now recognizes the value of four-wheel drive, and most customers are willing to pay for this feature.”

“Another consideration is the machine’s level of automation,” Nunez explains “A backhoe with more automation features can save operators time while also making them more productive. In our range of Super backhoe models, our automation features include auto stabilizers up, auto smooth ride [for better operator comfort and load retention], auto idle [saves fuel while the machine is inactive], auto check [performs daily maintenance checks to save time) and auto throttle [allows operators to set their hand throttle once and not have to touch it again]. There’s even an auto pre-heat which heats the engine block and cab and defrosts the windshield up to 30 minutes before use.”

The extendahoe or extradig option has obvious  benefits: greater digging depths and the ability to lift and place items further away from the machine.

The extendahoe or extradig option has obvious
benefits: greater digging depths and the ability to lift and place items further away from the machine.

Taking time to look at a backhoe loader’s cab and controls is a great investment in an operator’s comfort and productivity as well. Manufacturers are always working to make tasks easier for the crews that spend eight-plus hours in the machines every day. Hennings points out that standard controls can vary among different brands and models, so it’s important to find the right (and comfortable) fit for an operator. On the backhoe side, look for an option to switch levers from excavator to backhoe patterns.

Other creature comforts include larger, easier-to-read monitors, better clearance when shifting from backhoe to loader controls, as well as heat, air conditioning and cozy seats. Like with any machine, serviceability is an important consideration. Less maintenance and easy-to-access service points mean the backhoe loader will be out on the jobsite and not sitting idle. With many manufacturers making the push to be Tier 4-Final compliant, potential buyers should also look into how that has been achieved and how it affects the day-to-day operation of the machine. For example, some systems may require time to regenerate throughout the day — causing downtime. There may be maintenance items to address as well, such as refilling diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) when needed.

Outfitted for the Job

While buckets seem like the most popular and obvious attachment choice for backhoe loaders, manufacturers are quick to emphasize the versatility available through other attachments.

“With a front loader coupler, a utility contractor can utilize a number of attachments such as pallet forks, jibs, brooms, snow plows, as well as specialty buckets [4-in-1 or multipurpose, side dump or grapple buckets] on the front end of the machine,” explains Hennings. “For the rear of the machine, couplers are very popular as well for attachments such as concrete breakers, compactors, augers, thumbs, jaw buckets and swingers.”

However, prior to selecting an attachment, Pullen points out that contractors must take a thorough look at a machine’s hydraulic capabilities before renting or purchasing. Here, she details three hydraulic options available (configurations may vary by manufacturer): Bidirectional hydraulics to the backhoe provide the most flexibility to run all attachments because hydraulic power flows two ways. This is ideal for use with attachments such as thumbs, augers and swivel buckets.

Unidirectional auxiliary hydraulics are satisfactory if a contractor only plans on running attachments with one-way hydraulic flow requirements, such as breakers and compactors. If possible, find a machine that has combo hydraulics, which includes both unidirectional and bidirectional hydraulics for the most versatility and the least chance to damage unidirectional attachments. Auxiliary hydraulics to the loader end of the machine expand the machine’s capabilities to run attachments such as brooms, grapples and 4-in-1 buckets.

Telematics is another feature that may be standard or optional: “Standard telematics not only gives it to contractors at no added cost, but it puts a whole new business tool in their hands that can easily give them insight into their business and do everything from reducing idling time and fuel costs to identifying new ways to improve productivity and better utilize your machine,” says Pullen.

Backhoe loaders offer two productive machines in one package (and with one price tag!). Thanks to the many standard features and options manufacturers offer, it’s easy to find a backhoe loader that’s suited for the work utility contractors plan to tackle every day.

Pam Kleineke is managing editor of Compact Equipment.