Evolution of the Compact Tractor

History of the Compact TractorYearning for more space outside urban confines, people in the 1960s and ‘70s migrated to rural areas. These homeowners had a lot more land to care for than your typical suburban family, and they needed a solution for light-duty maintenance and gardening tasks around the property. Agriculture tractors were deemed too large for the smaller day-to-day tasks required of the property owners. Enter the compact utility tractor. These tractors became the perfect complement for a three- to seven-acre residential property and were tasked with numerous jobs, including mowing, digging and other maintenance activities. The ability to add implements allowed these versatile tractors to be used for a variety of applications.

John Deere entered the market in 1976 in a joint venture with Yanmar. The 50 Series were very simple units with an intuitive operator’s station and controls.

Unlike tractors today, these machines did not have many convenience features like power steering. As years passed, technology evolved and played a bigger role in compact utility tractor development. Manufacturers upgraded transmissions, engines and hydraulics to increase performance. Many of the first compact utility tractors were 35 hp. Today, models with 65 to 75 hp are available.

In 2002, John Deere brought the first electronically controlled hydrostatic transmission to market. This development increased efficiency, and permitted addition of features like anti-stall and electronic cruise control. Other customer-inspired features included tilt steering, three-point hitch controls, stereo systems, charging stations and iPod dock. A comfortable operator is a productive operator. Technology also advanced tractor controls. The first machines featured manual levers that were strenuous to operate. Today, electric-hydraulic controls allow tractor operation and attachment usage with the use of joysticks and a simple push of a button.

History of the Compact TractorWhile popular in the residential segment, professionals soon realized the benefits of compact utility tractors in small spaces around jobsites. The tractors’ versatility was another strong selling point. Commercial landscape contractors began using the machines in mowing and design/build/install applications and electrical contractors were using compact utility tractors for burying electrical cable or setting fiber-optic boxes. Attachments like the front-end loader, mid-mount mowers, overseeders and power rakes increased productivity and efficiency on the jobsite.

Today, 90 percent of compact utility tractors utilize a loader. While loaders may be the most popular attachment, the advancement of mower decks has been second to none. Innovations such as the AutoConnect Mid-Mount Mower deck are the next generation in ease-of-use and attachment technology. This deck is designed to be installed without leaving the comfort of the seat. No need to spend time under the machine trying to hook up a mower. This innovation only takes seconds.

These machines have come a long way since the first models appeared more than 50 years ago, and it’s an exciting product category to keep an eye on in the future.

Richard Kershner is a product line marketing manager for John Deere, based in Augusta, Ga.

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